In class independent PCA we generate a single covariance using the points from all data sets. After computing the covariance we then use it to determine the transform in the manner described below. Points from the current space are mapped to the new feature space my multiplying it with the transpose of the transform. The point are also normalized by dividing them by their corresponding eigen value to obtain the Whitening transformation which is represented by the equation below. - The linear transformation
which is used to transform points
from the current space to a new feature space is
determined using:
The main objective of transformation is to make the covariance of an identity matrix. We desire to be an orthonormal transformation.
- The transform is defined by the eigen vectors and eigen values
of the covariance. The eigen vectors describe the coordinate
system of the new feature space and the eigen values describe the
variance of the data set in the new feature space. Note that the
reason we use the covariance to obtain the transform is because we
need to maintain the structure of the distribution, and the covariance
of the data set gives us the structure of the distribution. The
transform is obtained using the following formula:
- Here is a brief example of how the class independent PCA scheme works:
First select the**Two Gaussian**data set from the**Patterns**menu. Following that select the**Class Independent PCA**option under the**Algorithms**menu. Initialize this algorithm by selecting**Initialize**from the**Go**menu.In order to compute the line of discrimination select the**Next**option under the**Go**menu. This will display the first step of the process, data sets in both the input plot (top left) and the output plot (bottom left) of the applet. Also, the process description box indicates which step you are currently on and the algorithm that is currently being used to compute the line of discrimination.
- The second step of the process computes the mean of the each
data set. The mean of each data sets is displayed on the output plot
as black dots near the corresponding data sets. The value of the mean
for each data set, which corresponds to the current scale, is
displayed on the process description box. The covariance and
transformation matrices used to compute the line of discrimination for
the data set are also displayed in the process description box.
- The third step of the process displays the line of
discrimination of the given data sets as determined by the class
independent PCA algorithm. Also, the classification error for each
data set along with the total classification error is displayed on the
process description box.
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